Bitcoin Historic Sustainability Performance

Digiconomist is committed to promoting (the development of) sustainable blockchain technology. Blockchain protocols such as Bitcoin currently run on the energy-slurping proof-of-work algorithm (creating these proofs of work is better known as “mining”). The Bitcoin Energy Consumption index is a key tool that was created to provide insight into this energy consumption amount, and raise awareness on the environmental damage caused of the proof-of-work algorithm. This page uses historical data from the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index to summarise the sustainability progress and performance of the Bitcoin protocol over the past month.

For a daily estimate of Bitcoin’s energy consumption make sure to visit the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index.

Monthly Changes

The highlights of the past month are as follows:

DescriptionValueMonthly changeTrend
Mining RevenueFor December 2020
Average Bitcoin Price$21,86633.24%
Average Price Volatility62.97%42.37%
Mining Revenue from Fees$60,101,2019.22%
Mining Revenue from Blocks Mined$609,326,13337.56%
Total Mining Revenue$669,427,33434.43%
Mining Costs
Total Costs of Mining$330,307,8913.43%
Percentage of Total Revenue49.34%-23.06%
Total KWh Consumed6,606,157,8163.43%
Network Statistics
Total Transactions Processed9,654,2735.44%
Average KWh Consumed per TX684-2.01%
Average Fee per Transaction$6.233.66%
Energy cost per TX (at 5 cents per KWh)$34.20-2.01%
Average Network Hashrate (GH/s)134,258,218,466#DIV/0!#DIV/0!
Average Network Effciency (J/GH)0.07#DIV/0!#DIV/0!
Economic Maximum KWh Consumed13,388,546,68134.43%
Technical Minimum KWh Consumed4,067,576,990#DIV/0!#DIV/0!

Year-to-Date Sustainability Performance

Apart from the changes in monthly performance, numbers on the current year to date (YTD) performance are found in the following table.

DescriptionYTD CurrentYTD PreviousYoY Change
Mining RevenueFor 2020For 2019numbers up to December
Average Bitcoin Price$11,054$7,36250.15%
Average Price Volatility47.35%54.09%-12.46%
Mining Revenue from Fees$151,123,924$154,113,235-1.94%
Mining Revenue from Blocks Mined$4,647,830,236$5,132,268,696-9.44%
Total Mining Revenue$4,798,954,159$5,286,381,931-9.22%
Mining Costs
Total Costs of Mining$3,543,503,205$3,188,438,07111.14%
Percentage of Total Revenue73.84%60.31%22.42%
Total KWh Consumed70,870,064,10563,956,414,93710.81%
Network Statistics
Total Transactions Processed113,017,715119,744,128-5.62%
Average KWh Consumed per TX62753417.42%
Average Fee per Transaction$1.34$1.293.88%
Energy cost per TX (at 5 cents per KWh)$31.35$26.7017.42%
Average Network Hashrate (GH/s)#DIV/0!132,121,533,180#DIV/0!
Average Network Effciency (J/GH)#DIV/0!0.06#DIV/0!
Economic Maximum KWh Consumed95,979,083,186105,727,638,625-9.22%
Technical Minimum KWh Consumed#DIV/0!47,241,187,900#DIV/0!

Annual Performance

Year-end performance is available in the table below as of 2017 (the year in which the Bitcoin Energy Consumption Index was launched).

Description 2018 2017 YoY Change
Mining Revenue
Average Bitcoin Price $7,559 $4,375 72.78%
Average Price Volatility 64.38% 66.78% -3.59%
Mining Revenue from Fees $291,320,194 $541,679,741 -46.22%
Mining Revenue from Blocks Mined $5,854,222,152 $2,911,553,352 101.07%
Total Mining Revenue $6,145,542,346 $3,453,233,093 77.96%
Mining Costs
Total Costs of Mining $3,117,068,023 $776,532,329 301.41%
Percentage of Total Revenue 50.72% 22.49% 125.55%
Total KWh Consumed 62,349,831,163 15,530,646,590 301.46%
Network Statistics
Total Transactions Processed 81,147,382 92,167,146 -11.96%
Average KWh Consumed per TX 768 169 354.44%
Average Fee per Transaction $3.59 $5.88 -38.95%
Energy cost per TX (at 5 cents per KWh) $38.40 $8.45 354.44%
Average Network Hashrate (GH/s) 39,983,103,533 7,288,177,479 448.60%
Average Network Effciency (J/GH) 0.18 0.24 -26.84%
Economic Maximum KWh Consumed 122,910,846,910 69,064,661,866 77.96%
Technical Minimum KWh Consumed 40,416,917,349 7,365,382,998 448.74%